11. CPR for Children (Age 1 to Puberty)

 A. Compression-Ventilation ratio is the same as for adults, 30:2. However, when 2 rescuers are present, the compression-ventilation ratio changes to 15:2.

B. Depth of compressions – ⅓ depth of chest. For most children, this will be about 2 inches. One hand or two hands to compress. Will depend on size of child. 

C. When to call EMS – intervene BEFORE child goes into cardiac arrest. Children have less reserves than an adult. If you DID NOT arrest, provide CPR for 2 minutes prior to calling EMS and finding an AED. If you witnessed the arrest, you should call EMS and get an AED prior to returning to the child to start CPR.